Materials for language lessons

Posts tagged ‘Vocabulary’

Business letters 2.

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Writing Business Letters


Apologizing
  • We are sorry for the delay in replying to …
  • I regret any inconvenience caused (by) …
  • I would like to apologize for the (delay, inconvenience)…
  • Once again, please accept my apologies for …
Orders
  • Thank you for your quotation of …
  • We are pleased to place an order with your company for..
  • We would like to cancel our order n° …..
  • Please confirm receipt of our order.
  • I am pleased to acknowledge receipt of your order n° …..
  • Your order will be processed as quickly as possible.
  • It will take about (two/three) weeks to process your order.
  • We can guarantee you delivery before …(date)
  • Unfortunately these articles are no longer available /
    are out of stock.
Prices
  • Please send us your price list.
  • You will find enclosed our most recent catalogue and price list.
  • Please note that our prices are subject to change
    without notice.
  • We have pleasure in enclosing a detailed quotation.
  • We can make you a firm offer of …
Referring to payment
  • Our terms of payment are as follows  …
  • Our records show that we have not yet received
    payment of …
  • According to our records …
  • Please send payment as soon as possible.
  • You will receive a credit note for the sum of …
Enclosing documents
  • I am enclosing …
  • Please find enclosed …
  • You will find enclosed …
Closing remarks
  • If we can be of any further assistance, please let us know.
  • If I can help in any way, please do not hesitate to
    contact me.
  • If you require more information …
  • For further details …
  • Thank you for taking this into consideration.
  • Thank you for your help.
  • We hope you are happy with this arrangement.
  • We hope you can settle this matter to our satisfaction.
Referring to future business
  • We look forward to a successful working relationship in the future.
  • We would be (very) pleased to do business with your company.
  • I would be happy to have an opportunity to work with
    your firm.
Referring to future contact
  • I look forward to seeing you next week.
  • Looking forward to hearing from you, …
  • Looking forward to receiving your comments,
  • I look forward to meeting you on the (date).
  • I would appreciate a reply at your earliest convenience.
  • An early reply would be appreciated.
Ending business letters
◊ Sincerely,    }
◊ Yours sincerely,}  for all customers / clients
◊ Sincerely yours,}
◊ Yours faithfully, in more formal letters
◊ Regards, for those you already know and/or with whom
you have a working relationship

(published on learn-english-today.com)

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Games

Battle Ships – A Vocabulary Game

Level: Easy to Medium

Preparation:
Divide the students in to groups of four or five. Then ask the student to make the name for their ships for example with the names of animals, cities, movie stars or let them find their own favourite names.

Ask them to choose the Captain and the Shooter. The captain’s duty is to memorize his ship’s name, so he can reply if somebody call his ship’s name. The shooter’s duty is to memorize the names of the ships of ‘their enemies’, so he can shoot them by calling their ship’s name.

Activity:
Arrange all the captains in a circle, the ships’ crews must line up behind their captains. The shooter is the last crew member in line.

The teacher must decide a lexical area of vocabulary, this vocabulary will be used to defend their ships from the attacks. Every students (except the shooters) must find their own words. The lexical area for example, “Four Legged Animals”. Give the students 1-2 minutes to find as many possible words as they can and memorize them.

Start the game by calling a ship’s name, for example the ship name is “THE CALIFORNIAN”. The captain of THE CALIFORNIAN must reply with a word from the lexical area given, for example he says “TIGER” followed by his crews behind him one by one, “COW”; “SHEEP” until it  is the shooter turns and he calls out the name of another ship and the captain of the ship called must reply and his crews must do the same thing. No word can be repeated.

If the captain is late to reply (more than 2 seconds) or his crew can not say the words or a word repeated or the shooter shoots the wrong ship (his own ship or the ship that has already been sunk) the ship is sunk, and the crew members can join the crew of another ship.

The teacher can change the lexical area for the next round.

In the last round there will be two big groups battling to be the winner.

(by Agung Listyawan)

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Bad Fruit: A Shoppers’ Nightmare

Level: Easy to Medium

This is an oral communication activity appropriate for EFL learners in elementary/primary school. (It’s optimal for grades 3-6). This game is designed for practicing “shopping” dialogues and vocabulary.

Materials: “produce” and play money.

Object of Game: To accumulate as many products as possible.

      Students are divided into clerks and shoppers.
      The clerks set up “stands” to allow easy access for all shoppers (e.g. around the outsides of the room with their backs to the wall).
      The shoppers are given a set amount of money* (e.g. dollars, euros, pounds, etc.) and begin at a stand where there is an open space.
      Students shop, trying to accumulate as many items as possible (each item is 1 unit of currency).
      Periodically, the instructor will say “stop” (a bell or other device may be needed to attract attention in some cultural and classroom contexts) and call out a name of one of the products. Students with that product must then put ALL their products in a basket at the front of the room. The remaining students continue shopping. Students who had to dump their products must begin again from scratch (with fewer units of currency).
      The student with the most products at the end wins.
    Students then switch roles.

*It is recommended giving students as much money as possible since students who run out can no longer participate.

Alternative play for more advanced students: Clerks set the price of items. Shoppers have the option of negotiating the price. There are two winners in this version: The shopper who accumulates the most products and the clerk who makes the most money.

(by Mike Yough)

How to improve your English?

Here are some tips how we can easily improve our English:

1. Read as much as you can

Try to read as many books, magazines, articles in English as you can.

Easy-Reading-Selections-in-English-Dixson-Robert-J-9780132229029 images11

But bear in mind that you always have to find the magazine or book that you can understand and you don’t just struggle whilst reading. It is easy to find books at different levels, there are „easy readings” available for students at the elementary, pre-intermediate, intermediate and advanced levels. (The numbers on the cover of these books refer to these levels.)

2. Watch English channels

By watching English channels we can easily expand our vocabulary, we can practice the pronunciation of words, we can learn new expressions.

3. The Internet

We usually spend a lot of time on the net. We can use the internet not only for surfing, but we can always find some downloadable contents that we can use for learning. These are often free to download.

You can also practice English on some websites. My favourite site is Verbling, on which we can talk with native speakers of diferent languages.

4. Listen to music in English

Listen to your favourite artist and try to understand the lyrics of his/her songs. You can always find the lyrics of the songs on the Internet.

5. Vocabulary cards

We can buy many kinds of vocabulary cards of different levels, too.

Copy of EL1 loopcard 1

6. Words, words and more words…

Don’t be satisfied with knowing only one meaning of a word. Try to learn the other meanings of the same word, too. Look up words in the dictionary that can be derived from the original word. Learn the synonyms and antonyms of it as well.

7. Practice speaking English.

If you have the chance, speak! Talk to people who speak English.

8. Grammar.

Oh, yes, you have to learn the grammar as well. Don’t be sad about this fact, we can always find tasks, exercises that we can enjoy doing.

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