I have been teaching English for many years, but I still have to face the problem of students not knowing the basic grammatical terms. I can understand them as well, as they don’t have to be keen on grammar or they don’t have to learn grammar every day. And probably there are many people who don’t like grammar at all.
But we still have to know some of the most important grammatical terms to be able to acquire a foreign language. Knowing the different parts of speech is very important.
Here is a list of the most important parts of speech:
We use nouns to refer to different objects, places, buildings, people.
eg: dog, cat, palace, sea, table, door
There are two types of articles: definite („the”) and indefinite („a,an”) articles.
We usually use them before nouns.
eg: a cat, a dog, an apple, the car, the film
We use verbs to describe what a person, an object or the subject of the sentence does.
eg: The student learns.
The teacher teaches.
The alarm went off.
We use adjectives to describe how the different objects, places and people are.
eg: strange, funny, fast, slow
We use adverbs to describe how the actions take place.
eg: well, slowly, quickly
– personal pronouns
There are different types of personal pronouns, the most important ones are:
eg: I, you, he, she
eg: my, your, her, his
eg: me, you, him, us
There are many prepositions in English, here are some examples:
eg: in the room, on the table, for you, to you, with him, without her, from Hungary
We can connect words, parts of a sentence or clauses with them.
eg: because, and, but