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Phrasal verbs 2.

hand something down give something used to someone else handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in submit I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out to distribute to a group of people We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over give (usually unwillingly) The police asked the man to hand overhis wallet and his weapons.
hang in stay positive (N.Amer., informal) Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.
hang on wait a short time (informal) Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out spend time relaxing (informal) Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up end a phone call He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.
holdsomeone/somethingback prevent from doing/going I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back hide an emotion Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.
hold on wait a short time Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosomeone/something hold firmly using your hands or arms Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.
holdsomeone/somethingup rob A man in a black mask held the bank upthis morning.
keep on doingsomething continue doing Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something fromsomeone not tell We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keepsomeone/somethingout stop from entering Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something up continue at the same rate If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down fail to support or help, disappoint I need you to be on time. Don’t let medown this time.
let someone in allow to enter Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
look aftersomeone/something take care of I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down onsomeone think less of, consider inferior Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look forsomeone/something try to find I’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosomething be excited about the future I’m looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into something investigate We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out be careful, vigilant, and take notice Look out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out forsomeone/something be especially vigilant for Don’t forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over check, examine Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up search and find information in a reference book or database We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone have a lot of respect for My little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up invent, lie about something Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up forgive each other We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone up apply cosmetics to My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something up confuse two or more things mixed up the twins’ names again!
pass away die His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass out faint It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out give the same thing to many people The professor passed the textbooks outbefore class.
pass something up decline (usually something good) passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back return owed money Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay youback on Friday.
pay for something be punished for doing something bad That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something out choose picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
pointsomeone/somethingout indicate with your finger I’ll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put something down put what you are holding on a surface or floor You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down insult, make someone feel stupid The students put the substitute teacherdown because his pants were too short.
put something off postpone We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out extinguish The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put somethingtogether assemble I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up withsomeone/something tolerate I don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on put clothing/accessories on your body Don’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run intosomeone/something meet unexpectedly ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversomeone/something drive a vehicle over a person or thing I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/throughsomething rehearse, review Let’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away leave unexpectedly, escape The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out have none left We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back return (usually by mail) My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up arrange, organize Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone up trick, trap The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around compare prices I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully) He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over stay somewhere for the night (informal) You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out organize, resolve a problem We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off stop the energy flow, turn off The light’s too bright. Could you switch itoff.
switch something on start the energy flow, turn on We heard the news as soon as weswitched on the car radio.
take after someone resemble a family member take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart purposely break into pieces He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take something back return an item I have to take our new TV back because it doesn’t work.
take off start to fly My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off remove something (usually clothing) Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out remove from a place or thing Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out pay for someone to go somewhere with you My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up rip into pieces tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.
think back remember (often + to, sometimes + on) When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over consider I’ll have to think this job offer overbefore I make my final decision.
throw somethingaway dispose of We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something down refuse turned the job down because I don’t want to move.
turn something off stop the energy flow, switch off Your mother wants you to turn the TVoff and come for dinner.
turn something on start the energy, switch on It’s too dark in here. Let’s turn some lights on.
turn something up increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up appear suddenly Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on sample clothing I’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.
try something out test I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something up finish the supply The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up stop sleeping We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warmsomeone/somethingup increase the temperature You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up prepare body for exercise I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off fade away Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out exercise work out at the gym three times a week.
work out be successful Our plan worked out fine.
work something out make a calculation We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

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Phrasal verbs 1.

I have found this list of phrasal verbs on, which I usually use in class.


Verb Meaning Example
ask someone out invite on a date Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around ask many people the same question asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equal Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up reverse You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone up support My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up explode The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something up add air We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down stop functioning (vehicle, machine) Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down get upset The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdown divide into smaller parts Our teacher broke the final project downinto three separate parts.
break in force entry to a building Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something enter forcibly The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something in wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in interrupt The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break up end a relationship My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up start laughing (informal) The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out escape The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out insomething develop a skin condition broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down make unhappy This sad music is bringing me down.
bring someone up raise a child My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something up start talking about a subject My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up vomit He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around phone many different places/people We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back return a phone call called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off cancel Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on someone ask for an answer or opinion The professor called on me for question 1.
call on someone visit someone We called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call someone up phone Give me your phone number and I willcall you up when we are in town.
calm down relax after being angry You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/something not like (formal) I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch up get to the same point as someone else You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in arrive and register at a hotel or airport We will get the hotel keys when wecheck in.
check out leave a hotel You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
checksomeone/somethingout look at carefully, investigate The company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/something look at (informal) Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up become happier She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up make happier I brought you some flowers to cheer youup.
chip in help If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up tidy, clean Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomething find unexpectedly came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart separate The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomething become sick My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward volunteer for a task or to give evidence The woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come fromsomewhere originate in The art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsomeone/something rely on I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out draw a line through Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomething consume less My doctor wants me to cut back onsweets and fatty foods.
cut something down make something fall to the ground We had to cut the old tree in our yarddown after the storm.
cut in interrupt Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in pull in too closely in front of another vehicle The bus driver got angry when that carcut in.
cut in start operating (of an engine or electrical device) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off remove with something sharp The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off stop providing The phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut someone off take out of a will My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something out remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper) cut this ad out of the newspaper.
dosomeone/somethingover beat up, ransack (Br.E., informal) He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over do again (N.Amer.) My teacher wants me to do my essayover because she doesn’t like my topic.
do away withsomething discard It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up fasten, close Do your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress up wear nice clothing It’s a fancy restaurant so we have todress up.
drop back move back in a position/group Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over come without an appointment I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
dropsomeone/somethingoff take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out quit a class, school etc dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out eat at a restaurant I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end up eventually reach/do/decide We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart break into pieces My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down fall to the ground The picture that you hung up last nightfell down this morning.
fall out separate from an interior The money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out (of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out understand, find the answer I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in to write information in blanks (Br.E.) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out to write information in blanks (N.Amer.) The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up fill to the top I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out discover We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out discover We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get somethingacross/over communicate, make understandable I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/on like each other I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around have mobility My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away go on a vacation We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away withsomething do without being noticed or punished Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back return We got back from our vacation last week.
get something back receive something you had before Liz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back at someone retaliate, take revenge My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back intosomething become interested in something again I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on something step onto a vehicle We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over something recover from an illness, loss, difficulty I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something overcome a problem The company will have to close if it can’tget over the new regulations.
get round tosomething finally find time to do (N.Amer.:get around to something) I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together meet (usually for social reasons) Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up get out of bed got up early today to study for my exam.
get up stand You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away reveal hidden information about someone His wife gave him away to the police.
give someone away take the bride to the altar My father gave me away at my wedding.
give something away ruin a secret My little sister gave the surprise partyaway by accident.
give something away give something to someone for free The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back return a borrowed item I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in reluctantly stop fighting or arguing My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out give to many people (usually at no cost) They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something up quit a habit I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up stop trying My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someone follow someone My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something try to achieve something went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone compete, oppose We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead start, proceed Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back return to a place I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out leave home to go on a social event We’re going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone date Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something review Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over visit someone nearby I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without something suffer lack or deprivation When I was young, we went withoutwinter boots.
grow apart stop being friends over time My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow back regrow My roses grew back this summer.
grow up become an adult When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out ofsomething get too big for Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into something grow big enough to fit This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.

Irregular verbs

base past past participle
cut cut cut
fit fit fit
hit hit hit
let let let
put put put
quit quit quit
set set set
shut shut shut
split split split
upset upset upset
burst burst burst
cast cast cast
cost cost cost
hurt hurt hurt
spread spread spread
knit knit/knitted knit/knitted
sit sat sat
spit spat/spit spat/spit
begin began begun
swim swam swum
ring rang rung
sing sang sung
spring sprang sprung
cling clung clung
fling flung flung
sling slung slung
sting stung stung
swing swung swung
wring wrung wrung
hang hung/hanged** hung/hanged
drink drank drunk
shrink shrank shrunk
stink stank stunk
think thought thought
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
seek sought sought
fight fought fought
catch caught caught
teach taught taught
creep crept crept
keep kept kept
sleep slept slept
sweep swept swept
weep wept wept
bleed bled bled
breed bred bred
feed fed fed
flee fled fled
lead led led
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded
meet met met
bend bent bent
lend lent lent
send sent sent
spend spent spent
deal dealt dealt
feel felt felt
kneel knelt knelt
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed
mean meant meant
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
hold held held
sell sold sold
tell told told
find found found
grind ground ground
wind wound wound
break broke broken
choose chose chosen
freeze froze frozen
speak spoke spoken
steal stole stolen
wake woke woken
weave wove woven
arise arose arisen
drive drove driven
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
write wrote written



Here you can find some idioms and their meanings:

Achilles’ heel A metaphor for a fatal weakness in spite of overall strength.
All ears Listening intently; fully focused or awaiting an explanation.
Barking up the wrong tree Looking in the wrong place.
A bitter pill A situation or information that is unpleasant but must be accepted.
A dime a dozen Anything that is common, inexpensive, and easy to get or available any where.
Ace in the hole A hidden or secret strength, or unrevealed advantage.
Beat around the bush To treat a topic, but omit its main points, often intentionally or To delay or avoid talking about something difficult or unpleasant.
Bite the dust Euphemism for dying or death.
Call it a day To declare the end of a task.
Cat nap Short sleep.
Fit as a fiddle In good physical health.
For a song Almost free. Very cheap.
From A to Z Covering a complete range; comprehensively.
Hit the road ” To leave.
Hit the sack ”/sheets/hay To go to bed.
Let the cat out of the bag ” To reveal a secret.
Kick the bucket Euphenism for dying or death.
Piece of cake ” A job, task or other activity that is pleasant – or, by extension, easy or simple.
Pull somebody’s leg To tease or to joke by telling a lie.
Spill the beans Reveal someone’s secret.
Through thick and thin Both good and bad times.
Under the weather Feel sick or poorly

Games for kids in an English lesson 1.

Alphabet Shout Out
Randomly choose an alphabet flashcard and award a point to the first student who shouts out a word beginning with that letter.

letöltés (5)

Alphabet Sculptures
Divide the students into teams and call out a letter of the alphabet. Award a point to the first team that can form the letter with their bodies.

letöltés (4)

The Ball
Throw the ball to a student and ask that student a question. The student answers and throws the ball to another student asking the same question. E.g. “Can you…?”, “Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.” “Do you like…?”, “Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.”
Balloon Toss
Have the students stand in a circle. Toss a balloon to one student and elicit vocabulary or a structure from that student. They must be able to tap the balloon in the air without missing the vocabulary or structure E.g. S1: “My name’s Miki. What’s your name?” (tap) “My name’s Hiro. What’s your name?” (tap).

Blindfold Conversation
Arrange the class in a circle and choose one student to stand in the circle with a blindfold on. Spin the student and tell him/her to point. Tell the student to guess the name of the student he/she is pointing at by talking to him/her. E.g. “Hello. How are you? Do you like…?”
The object of the game is to be the first student to get rid of all his/her cards. Divide the students into small group and deal flashcards to each student. Player 1 chooses a card from his/her hand and throws it face down on the table saying, for example, “I have (a cat)”. Player 1 may be telling the truth or bluffing. If player 2 has a ‘cat’ in his/her hand then there’s a good chance player 1 is bluffing. Player 2 should say “No, you don’t”. If player 1 was bluffing, player 2 gives player 1 a penalty card from his/her hand. If player 1 was telling the truth then he/she gives player 2 a penalty card from his/her hand. Continue until one student is out of cards.
The Bomb
Pass a ball, object or a flash card around a circle of students. When the timer rings, the student holding the ball must answer a question, make a sentence or say a word.

British and American English 2

The most frequent vocabulary differences between Britsh and American English:


British English                                 American English

public toilet                            restroom, public bathroom

railway                          railroad

return (ticket)                round-trip

ring road                         beltway, freeway loop, highway loop

rubber                           eraser

rubbish                          garbage, trash

shop                              store

solicitor                         lawyer, attorney

spanner                         wrench

sweets                           candy

tea towel                       dishtowel

tin                                 can

torch                             flashlight

timetable                       schedule

tube, underground                  subway

vest                               undershirt

windscreen                    windshield

zip                                 zipper

anorak                           jacket, parka

at the weekend              on the weekend

aubergine                      eggplant

bank holiday                 national holiday

biro                               ball-point pen

candyfloss                     cotton candy

caretaker                       janitor

city centre                     downtown

cooker                           stove

cot                                 crib

courgette                       zucchini

cloakroom                     coatroom

double cream                 heavy cream

duvet                             comforter

British and American English

The most frequent vocabulary differences between Britsh and American English:


British English                American English

anti-clockwise                  counter-clockwise

attorney                                   barrister

autumn                          autumn, fall

biscuit                           cookie

block of flats                 apartment building

bonnet                           hood

bonnet                           hat

boot                              trunk

caravan                         trailer

car park                        parking lot

chemist’s                       drugstore, pharmacy

chips                             fries

cinema                           movies

crisps                                      chips

diversion                       detour

dustbin                          garbage can, trash can

dustman                        garbage collector

flat                                apartment, studio

flyover                          overpass

gearbox                         transmission

high street                     main street

holiday                          vacation

lift                                 elevator

lorry                              truck

mad                               crazy, insane

main road                      highway

maize                             corn

motorbike                     motorcycle

motorway                     freeway, highway

nappy                                     diaper

pavement                      sidewalk

petrol                                      gas, gasoline

pocket money               allowance

post                               mail

postbox                         mailbox

postman                        mailman

postcode                       zip code

pub                               bar

How to say thanks?

Here is a list of the possible ways of how to say thank you in English.


If you want to say thanks for a smaller favour:

–         Thank you.

–         Thanks.

–         Cheers.

–         Appreciate it.

–         Thanks darling/love.

In case we need something more formal:

–         Thank you so much.

–         Thank you very much.


What to say if someone said thanks to us?

Depending on the situation, we can chose from the following words and expressions:

–         Sure.

–         No sweat.

–         No problem.

–         No probs.

–         No, not at all.

–         You are welcome.

–         Welcome.

–         Don’t mention it.

–         Don’t worry.

–         Don’t worry about it.

–         It’s my pleasure.

–         My pleasure.

How to start a conversation?

I’m sure you have also heard the following questions, if you wanted to start a conversation with someone speaking English:

How are you?

How do you do?

How is it going?

What’s up?

What’s happening?

A lot of people don’t know what to say, how to answer these questions. Here you can find some of the possible answers.

“How do you do?” is the easiest to answer, you simply have to repeat the question, you don’t need to answer it.

„How are you?” – Perhaps, this is the most frequent question and the most frequent answer is “Fine”.

We can also use the following words, expressions:

Fine, thanks.

Been better.


Pretty good.

Very well.


We can reply with them to the question “how is is going?” as well.


„What’s up?” or „what’s happening?”:

As the person asking us is interested in what’s happening in our lives, we can say:


Not much.

Not a lot.

Just the usual.

Just the same old, same old.

How to improve your English?

Here are some tips how we can easily improve our English:

1. Read as much as you can

Try to read as many books, magazines, articles in English as you can.

Easy-Reading-Selections-in-English-Dixson-Robert-J-9780132229029 images11

But bear in mind that you always have to find the magazine or book that you can understand and you don’t just struggle whilst reading. It is easy to find books at different levels, there are „easy readings” available for students at the elementary, pre-intermediate, intermediate and advanced levels. (The numbers on the cover of these books refer to these levels.)

2. Watch English channels

By watching English channels we can easily expand our vocabulary, we can practice the pronunciation of words, we can learn new expressions.

3. The Internet

We usually spend a lot of time on the net. We can use the internet not only for surfing, but we can always find some downloadable contents that we can use for learning. These are often free to download.

You can also practice English on some websites. My favourite site is Verbling, on which we can talk with native speakers of diferent languages.

4. Listen to music in English

Listen to your favourite artist and try to understand the lyrics of his/her songs. You can always find the lyrics of the songs on the Internet.

5. Vocabulary cards

We can buy many kinds of vocabulary cards of different levels, too.

Copy of EL1 loopcard 1

6. Words, words and more words…

Don’t be satisfied with knowing only one meaning of a word. Try to learn the other meanings of the same word, too. Look up words in the dictionary that can be derived from the original word. Learn the synonyms and antonyms of it as well.

7. Practice speaking English.

If you have the chance, speak! Talk to people who speak English.

8. Grammar.

Oh, yes, you have to learn the grammar as well. Don’t be sad about this fact, we can always find tasks, exercises that we can enjoy doing.

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