HERE ARE THE 6 KEY STEPS FOR PREPARING
1. CHOOSE YOUR TOPIC:
INFORMATIVE-EXPOS: Pick a topic where you will explain something, help people understand, show how to use or do something, etc. Hot topics typically involve scientific or technological breakthroughs that are obviously useful and important to the judges you will have.
PERSUASIVE-ORATORY: Pick a topic that you have a strong opinion on. Hot topics typically involve problems that both the government and the judge can take action on.
AFTER DINNER SPEAKING-SPEECH TO ENTERTAIN: Pick a topic that resonates with your audience in terms of its importance in our society but also pick a topic that is going to lend itself to humor–jokes, good stories, entertainment!
2. MAKE A THESIS STATEMENT:
What point do you want to get across?
FOR INFORMATIVE SPEECHES: “I will explain . . .” “I will show how to . . .”
FOR PERSUASIVE SPEECHES: “The government should . . .” “We should stop . . .” “X is a harmful practice.”
FOR AFTER DINNER SPEECHES: Use either of the above kinds of thesis statements although they are usually more persuasive. Just be sure to focus on a humorous subject.
3. CREATE POINTS THAT SUPPORT YOUR THESIS:
Take a moment and think up what would support your thesis. Write the points down on a sheet of paper, leaving room after each one so that you can add supports for them.
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR AN INFORMATIVE SPEECH
How to speech: 4 key steps to doing the thing you are talking about.
Example: Step One: Reformat the hard drive. Step Two: Place the CD into the computer and begin installation. Step Three: Fine tune your operating system.
History/what happened speech: Points listing out from the beginning to the latest thing you want to discuss in your speech.
Example: First, the people inhabited the territory. Second, there were great conflicts. Third, there were good and sad after-effects.
What is it speech: 2 to 4 main points that discuss the key elements of your subject.
Example: First, there must be small numbers; Second, a focus on general rather than specialized education; Third, a focus on more intellectual rather than practical or technical knowledge.
Explain it speech: 2 or 4 main points that go through the key elements of something to explain it.
Example: A plane flies by first, its wing design; second, engine forward movement; third, direction of wing flaps.
Typical organizations for an
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR A PERSUASIVE SPEECH
Problem-solution: First point shows there is a harmful problem; Second point shows a proposal and proof that it would solve the problem; it is good to get the judge/audience involved in taking their own actions to help solve the problem.
Demonstration that something is wrong/right: First, list out an agreeable standard for judging (things that kill should be rejected; things that intrude on our civil liberties should be rejected); Second, show that the thing you are talking about does indeed violate the standard you set.
Main reasons approach: Just list out the reasons why your thesis is true. First, because of x; Second, because of y; Third, because of z.
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR AN AFTER DINNER SPEECH
Use any of the above organizations especially the ones for the persuasive speech. Just be sure to be humorous/entertaining.
(originally published on wcdebate.com)